When the Australian pine, Brazilian pepper, carrotwood, Melaleuca, and Schefflera are removed, what will the islands with upland dredge spoil areas look like? This is a great question. As seen below we have 35 years of ecological history to look back on to see which native species have naturally recruited in those areas where exotic invasive species have not prevented them from growing.
Some folks are worried that when the Australian pines are gone there will be nothing there but bare sand. No one need worry about this. In several areas with dredge spoil there is already a strong growth of laurel and live oaks (Quercus laurifolia and Q. virginiana respectively).