BuiltWithNOF
BuiltWithNOF

Appendix 2.  The vascular plants of the Thousand Islands. 
                     * = exotic
                    
– = inhabiting dredge spoil community
                    
H = inhabiting shell midden hammock
                     Brev
= Brevard County
listed as northern extent of east coast range
                                 in Wunderlin (1998).

Division

 

Division

Family

Genus species

Common Name

 

 

 

 

Psilotophyta

Psilotaceae

Psilotum nudum

Whisk Fern

 

 

 

 

Pteridophyta

Blechnaceae

Blechnum serrulatum

Swamp Fern

 

 

 

(epiphytic on Sabal)

 

Polypodiaceae

Phlebodium aureum

Golden Polypody Fern

 

 

 

(epiphytic on Sabal)

 

Pteridaceae

Acrostichum danaeifolium

Mangrove Fern,

 

 

 

Giant Leather Fern

 

 

 

 

 

Vittariaceae

Vittaria lineata

Shoestring Fern

 

 

 

(epiphytic on Sabal)

 

 

 

 

Coniferophyta

Cupressaceae

Juniperus silicicola –, H

Southern Red Cedar

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anthophyta

Agavaceae

*Yucca aloifolia

*Spanish Bayonet

 

 

 

 

 

Aizoaceae

Sesuvium portulacastrum

Sea Purslane

 

 

 

 

 

Anacardiaceae

Rhus copallinum

Winger Sumac

 

 

*Shinus terebinthifolius

*Brazilian Pepper

 

 

Toxicodendron radicans

Poison Ivy

 

 

 

 

 

Apiaceae

Hydrocotyle umbellata

Marsh Pennywort

 

 

 

 

 

Apocynaceae

*Catharanthus roseus

*Periwinkle

 

 

 

 

 

Araliaceae

*Schefflera actinophylla

*Australian Umbrella Tree

 

 

 

 

 

Arecaceae

Sabal palmetto

Sabal Palm

 

 

Serenoa repens

Saw Palmetto

 

 

*Washingtonia robusta

*Fan Palm

 

 

 

 

 

Asteraceae

Ambrosia artemisiifolia

Common Ragweed

 

 

Baccaris halimifolia

Salt Myrtle

 

 

Bidens alba

Beggarticks

 

 

Borrichia frutescens

Sea Daisey, Sea Oxeye

 

 

Erigeron strigosus

Daisey Fleabane

 

 

Eupatorium compositifolium

Dog Fennel

 

 

Eupatorium mikanioides

semaphore euparorium

 

 

Eupatorium serotinum

(none)

 

 

Flaveria linearis

Yellowtop

 

 

Iva frutescens

Marsh Elder

 

 

Mikania scandens

Climbing Hempvine

 

 

Mikania cordifolia

Florida Keys Hempvine

 

 

Pluchea odorata

Sweetscent

 

 

Pluchea rosea

Posy Camphorweed

 

 

Pterocaulon pycnostachyum

Blackroot

 

 

Solidago sempervirens

Seaside Goldenrod

 

 

 

 

 

Avicenniaceae

Avicennia germinans

Black Mangrove

 

 

 

 

 

Bataceae

Batis maritima

Saltwort

 

 

 

 

 

Bromiliaceae

Tillandsia recurvata

Ball Moss

 

 

Tillandsia usneoides

Spanish Moss

 

 

Tillandsia utricularia

Wild Pine, Giant Airplant

 

Boraginaceae

Heliotropium curassavicum

Seaside Heliotrope

 

 

Heliotropium angiospermum

Scorpionstail

 

 

 

 

 

Buddlejaceae

Polypremum procumbens

Rustweed, Juniperleaf

 

 

 

 

 

Burseraceae

Bursera simaruba H Brev

Gumbo-Limbo, Tourist Tree

 

 

 

 

 

Cactaceae

Opuntia stricta

Erect Prickly Pear Cactus

 

 

Cereus spp?

 

 

 

 

 

 

Casuaraceae

*Casuarina equisetifolia

*Australian Pine

 

 

*Casuarina glauca

*Australian Pine

 

 

 

 

 

Capparaceae

Capparis cyanophallophora H Brev

Jamaican Capertree

 

 

Capparis flexuosa H

Bay-leaved Capertree

 

 

 

 

 

Chenopodiaceae

Salicornia bigelowii

Annual Glasswort

 

 

Salicornia perennis

Perennial Glasswort

 

 

Suaeda linearis

Sea Blite

 

 

 

 

 

Clusiaceae

Hypericum hypericoides

Myrtleleaf St. Johnís-wort

 

 

 

 

 

Combretaceae

Conocarpus erectus

Buttonwood

 

 

Laguncularia racemosa

White Mangrove

 

 

 

 

 

Commelineaceae

Commelina erecta

Whitemouth Dayflower

 

 

*Tradescantia zebrina

*Wandering Jew

 

 

 

 

 

Convolvulaceae

Ipomoea pandurata ?

 

 

 

 

 

 

Curcurbitaceae

Melothria pendula

Creeping Cucumber

 

 

*Momordica charantia

*Southern Balsampear

 

 

 

 

 

Cyperaceae

Cladium jamaicense

Sawgrass

 

 

 

 

 

Cymodoceaceae

Halodule wrightii

Wrightís Shoalgrass, Shoalweed

 

 

 

 

 

Euphorbiaceae

Chamaesyce bombensis

Sand-Dune Spurge

 

 

Chamaesyce hirta

Hairy Spurge

 

 

Chamaesyce hypericifolia

Graceful Sandmat

 

 

Croton punctatus

Beach Tea

 

 

Phyllanthus spp. ? –

 

 

 

Ricinus communis

Castorbean

 

 

 

 

 

Fabaceae

*Cassia javanica

*Pink Shower

 

 

Erythrina herbacea H

Coralbean

 

 

 

 

 

Fagaceae

Quercus spp

Oak

 

 

 

 

 

Gentianaceae

Eustoma exaltatum

Marshgentian

 

 

Sabatia stellaris

Rose-of-Plymouth

 

 

 

 

 

Lamiaceae

Trichostema dichotmum

Bluecurls

 

 

 

 

 

Moraceae

Ficus aurea

Strangler Fig

 

 

 

 

 

Myricaceae

Myrica cerifera –, H

Wax Myrtle

 

 

 

 

 

Myrtaceaea

*Eucalyptus spp

*Eucalyptus

 

 

Eugenia axillaris H

White Stopper

 

 

Eugenia foetida H Brev

Spanish Stopper

 

 

*Melaleuca quinquenerva

*Melaleuca

 

 

Myrcianthes fragrans H

Twinberry Simpsonís Stopper

 

 

 

 

 

Oleaceae

Forestiera segregata –, H

Florida Swampprivet

 

 

 

 

 

Onagraceae

Gaura angustifolia

Southern Beeblossom

 

 

Oenothera humifusa

Seaside Evening Primrose

 

 

 

 

 

Passifloraceae

Passiflora suberosa

Maypop, Apricot-Vine

 

 

 

 

 

Phytolaccaceae

Phytolacca americana

Pokeberry

 

 

Rivina humilis

Rouge Plant

 

 

 

 

 

Plumbaginaceae

Limonium carolinianum –, H

Carolina Sealavender

 

 

 

 

 

Poaceae

Andropogon spp

Bluestem, Broom Sedge

 

 

Cenchrus spp

Sandspur

 

 

Distichlis spicata

Saltgrass

 

 

Spartina alterniflora

Saltmarsh Cordgrass, Smooth Cordgrass

 

 

Sporobolus virginicus

Seashore Dropseed

 

 

 

 

 

Polygalaceaea

Polygala grandiflora

Showy Milkwort

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Polygonaceae

Coccoloba uvifera

Seagrape

 

 

Coccoloba diversifolia H Brev

Pidgeon Plum

 

 

 

 

 

Portulacaceae

Portulaca pilosa

Pink Purslane

 

 

 

 

 

Rhamnaceae

Krugiodendron ferreum H Brev

Black Ironwood, Leadwood

 

 

 

 

 

Rhizophoraceae

Rhizophora mangle

Red Mangrove

 

 

 

 

 

Rubiaceae

Chiococca alba H

Snowberry

 

 

*Hedyotis corymbosa – H

*Flattop Mille Graines

 

 

Randia aculeata H

White Indigoberry

 

Ruppiaceae

Ruppia maritima

Widgeon-Grass

 

 

 

 

 

Rutaceae

Amyris elemifera H

Torchwood

 

 

Zanthoxylum clava-hercules

Hercules Club

 

 

Zanthoxylum fagara H

Wild Lime

 

 

 

 

 

Salicaceae

Salix caroliniana

Carolina Willow

 

 

 

 

 

Sapindaceae

*Cupaniopsis anacardioides

*Carrotwood

 

 

 

 

 

Sapotaceae

Sideroxylon celastrina H

Saffron Plum

 

 

 

 

 

Scrophulariaceae

Agalinis sp

 

 

 

Bacopa monnieri

Tropical Waterhyssop

 

 

Buchnera americana

Bluehearts

 

 

Scoparia dulcis

Goatweed

 

 

 

 

 

Smilacaceae

Smilax sp

 

 

 

Smilax sp

 

 

 

 

 

 

Solanaceae

Lycium carolinianum – H

Christmasberry

 

 

Physalis pubescens

 

 

 

Physalis walteri

Groundcherry

 

 

 

 

 

Verbenaceae

Callicarpa americana

Beautyberry

 

 

Lantana camara

Lantana

 

 

Lantana involucrata

Lantana

 

 

Phyla nodiflora

Carpetweed, Frog-Fruit

 

 

 

 

 

Vitaceae

Ampelopsis arborea

Peppervine

 

 

Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Virginia Creeper

 

 

Vitis aestivalis

Summer Grape

 

 

Vitis shuttleworthii

Calusa Grape

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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